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Hippocrates - the Father of Medicine

One of the most honoured names in medicine is the name of the Hippocrates. He is often called the Father of Medicine. He was born in 460 or 459 BC (before Christ) on a small island of Cos near Greece. He studied and lived for a long period in Athens.

His contemporaries considered him the wisest and the greatest physician. Hippoerates was the head of the most flourishing medical school of nis age. He had many pupils and spread his teaching throughthe Greek world and even beyond.

Hippocrates was the author of hundred or more books in which he described his ideas, methods, and medical procedures.

The Hippocratic doctrines regard closely observations of the patients. The physician should study all that can see, feel and hear in the patient He must closely examine the body of the patient, study his respiration and learn his evacuations (sweat, urine and others) -.

Hippocrates paid much attention to making an accurate prognosis of diseases. His work of "On Prognostics" teaches that only a physician who makes an accurate prognosis can acquire the confidence of the patient.

Hippocrates noted the effect of food, occupation and especially climate in causing diseases and he advised the physician to observe the water supply, the nature of the soil, the prevaling winds and the habits of the people in an unfamiliar town.

Hippocrates taught that healing comes through the power of natuforces of the human organism. He proposed for the treatment to aid nature in its healing power. According to Hippocrates the body has the means of cure within itself.

Hippocrates advises for the treatment to use proper diet, gymnasexercise, message and sea bathing.

He recommends to take less food at the height of disease and to use a liquid diet in feverish.

From the beverages he recommends a honey-vinegar, a paste of barley or flour and a wine in small doses. Among purgatives were used milk (especially asses milk), decoction of melon, cabbage and other plants, often mixed with honey.

As narcotics were taken belladonna, opium, mandragora, etc. Remedies for external use were practiced: vinegar, olive oil, and wine. They were applied in compresses, irrigations and in treatment of wounds.

And the final aim of Hippocratic therapy is to begin treatment at the right moment, to assist the human organism to increase its energy and to combat the disease. In this period he recommends to use proper diet, hygienic measures and the prescriptions, individualized for each case.

Гиппократ - отец медицины

Одно из самых известных имен в медицине, имя Гиппократа. Его часто называют отцом медицины. Он родился в 460 или 59 г. до н.э. на небольшом острове Кос вблизи Греции.

Он учился и жил в течение всего долго периода в Афинах.

Он был врачом с современными взглядами. Гиппократ был председателем наиболее известных медицинских школ в то время. Он имел много учеников и распространял учение в Греции.

Гиппократ был автором многих крижок в которых он описывал его труда, Долид и медицинские процедуры.

Гиппократ уделял внимание подробному обследованию пациента, изучал его дыхание и нервную систему.

Гиппократ уделял внимание делая прогнозы своего диагноза. Его работа "В прогнозировании" изучала не только болезни, но и изменения, происходившие в организме человека.

Гиппократ записывал результаты к которым он приходил при осмотре больного. Работа была удачной. Он лечил используя природные средства.

Он рекомендовал брать лесные травы и делать из них настойки. Среди продуктов питания использовали ослиное молоко, отвары и некоторые микстуры.

Как наркотические средства принимать и беладонну, опиум и др.. Средства по внешним использованием: уксус оливка, масло и вино. Они давали лучшие и быстрые результаты для выздоровления.

И последней целью Гиппократа было лечить разными способами заболевания и не дать попасть возбудителю в организм человека.

В этот период он рекомендует употреблять диеты, средства гигиены и рецепты и индивидуальные средства.

1.What is Hippocrates

to be the famous physician 'and scientist; to live before Christ in Greece: to be the head of the most flourishing medical school; to shave many pupils; to spread his teaching through the Greek world and even beyonb; to be the author of hundred and more medical books.

2. How is Hippocrates often called

the Father of Medicine.

3. What kind of physician did his contemporaries consider Hippocrates

the wisest and the greatest physician.

4. What do the Hippocratic doctrines regard

closely observations of the patients; to examine closely the patient's body; (O study his respiration and to learn his evacuations.

5. What does Hippocratic work of "On Prognostics" teach

a physician - to make an accurate prognosis; can acquire the confidence of the patient.

6. What did Hippocrates note during the effect of food, occupation and climate

in causing diseases; to advise the physician tk observe the water supply, the nature of soil, the prevaling winds and the habits o: the people in an unfamiliar town.

7. How did Hippocrates teach about healing

healing - to come through the power of natural forces of the human organism; to aid the nature in its "healing power.

8. What did he advise for the treatment

to use the proper diet, gymnastics, exercise, massage and sea bathing.

9. What did he recommend regarding food and beverages

to take less food at the height of disease; to use a liquid diet in feverish; to drink a honey-vinegar, a paste of barley or flour and a wine in small doses.

10. What purgatives were used

milk, especially asses milk, decoction of melon, cabbage and other plants, often mixed with honey.